August 9th, 2011
These Are the Stories of the FBI Most Wanted
We do not seek to glorify these individuals, only to provide historic accounts. Quite often, these accounts hold a mirror up to the mood and conditions in our society at the time they take place. We invite you to learn more about the individuals featured in the historic documents portrayed. Where they are still available, these items are for sale.
March 1st, 2012
Víctor Manuel Gerena
FBI Most Wanted #475
Wanted Flyer 514
On 10 Most Wanted List: 05-14-1984 to still on list
Gerena is wanted in connection with the 1983 armed robbery of approximately $7 million from a security company in West Hartford, Connecticut.
Víctor Manuel Gerena (born June 24, 1958) is an American fugitive wanted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation for the armed robbery, in connection with the Los Macheteros group, of a Wells Fargo armored car facility. On May 14, 1984, he became the 386th fugitive to be placed on the FBI’s Top Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list. He remains at large and, on April 11, 2010, became the fugitive to have spent the most time on the list, surpassing Donald Eugene Webb. He is believed to be in Cuba, but his exact whereabouts are unknown.
Gerena and his family, consisting of his mother, four brothers and one sister, moved to Hartford, Connecticut from Puerto Rico when Gerena was very young. He enjoyed wrestling, winning many tournaments; he also played American football. He was a good student, serving on the student council and was recommended to Trinity College.
Gerena met Marion Delaney, then a clerk for the U.S. House of Representatives, who became his friend and tutor. Delaney inspired Gerena to attend her alma mater, the Annhurst College, a female-only college that had faced harsh economic times and was by then accepting male students. There were 200 women at Annhurst and only 25 men. Gerena was met with hostility by the college staff. Gerena returned home and began a relationship with an old friend and had a daughter together.
Gerena then became a security guard at a Wells Fargo armored car depot in West Hartford, Connecticut, the same facility he would later help rob.
In Puerto Rico, Machetero leaders Filiberto Ojeda Rios and Juan Segarra Palmer had heard of Gerena; Gerena’s mother’s background as a pro-independence advocate and his dislike of life in the army made him, in Ojeda Rios’ and Segarra Palmer’s eyes, a candidate to become a member of Los Macheteros. They flew to Hartford and convinced Gerena to help them with their cause by participating in the heist.
According to law enforcement authorities, on September 12, 1983, Gerena dropped off his girlfriend at City Hall, where she was to get a marriage license for the couple. He then went to his place of employment and spent the rest of the day with co-workers James McKeon and Timothy Girard. At some point Gerena then removed McKeon’s gun, handcuffed and tied up his two co-workers, and injected them with an unknown substance in order to further disable them. He put $7,000,000 in the trunk of a car, then left with the money. At an unknown point, Gerena transferred to another vehicle and disappeared.
According to published reports, Gerena was transported to Mexico, where he boarded a Cubana de Aviación jet at Mexico City International Airport in Mexico City, arriving at José Martí International Airport in Havana. Years later, a cousin of Gerena accompanied journalist Edmund Mahoney to Cuba in an attempt to locate Gerena, but they did not succeed. Mahoney published a story in 2001 named Chasing Gerena. The FBI is offering a reward for information leading to Gerena’s capture of up to $1,000,000.
October 21st, 2011
Rafael Resendez Ramirez
FBI Most Wanted #457
Identification Order 5321
On 10 Most Wanted List: 06-21-1999 to 07-13-1999
Ramirez was arrested in Houston, Texas due to the national response of the news media as newspapers, television and radio gave massive coverage to track down Ramirez.
Angel Maturino Reséndiz, aka The Railroad Killer/The Railway Killer (August 1, 1959 – June 27, 2006), was an itinerant Mexican serial killer responsible for as many as thirty murders across the United States and Mexico during the 1990s. Some also involved sexual assault. He became known as “The Railroad (or Railway) Killer” as most of his crimes were committed near railroads where he had jumped off the trains he was using to travel about the country. On June 21, 1999, he briefly became the 457th fugitive listed by the FBI on its Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list before surrendering to the Texas authorities on July 13. He was 39 years old.
Reséndiz had many aliases but was chiefly known and sought after as Rafael Resendez-Ramirez. One of his aliases, Ángel Reyes Reséndiz, was very close to the name Ángel Leoncio Reyes Recendis given on his birth certificate from Izúcar de Matamoros, Puebla, Mexico.
Murders and methodology
By jumping on and off trains both within and across Mexico, Canada and the United States, Reséndiz was able to evade the authorities for a considerable time. He also had no fixed addresses.
Reséndiz killed as many as 15 people with rocks and other blunt objects, mainly in their homes. After each murder he would linger in the homes for a while, mainly to eat; he took sentimental things and laid out the victims’ driver’s licenses to learn a bit about the lives he had taken. He stole jewelry and other items and gave them to his wife in Mexico. Much of the jewelry was sold or melted down. Some of the items that were removed from the homes were returned by his wife after his surrender/capture. Money, however, was sometimes left at the scene. He raped some of his female victims; rape served as a secondary intent. Most of his victims were found covered with a blanket, or otherwise obscured from immediate view.
1. In 1986, an unidentified homeless woman was shot four times with a .38-caliber weapon. Her body was dumped in an abandoned farmhouse. Reséndiz stated that he met the woman at a homeless shelter. They took a motorcycle trip together, bringing a gun along to fire for target practice. Reséndiz said that he shot and killed the woman for disrespecting him.
2. Resendiz stated that soon after killing the homeless woman, he shot and killed her boyfriend – a Cuban – and dumped his body in a creek somewhere between San Antonio and Uvalde. Reséndiz said that he killed the man because he was involved in black magic. This man’s body has never been found, and nothing is known about him except what Reséndiz told authorities. Reséndiz confessed to these first two murders in September 2001, in hopes that doing so would speed up his execution.
3. On July 19, 1991, the body of Michael White, 33, was found in the front yard of an abandoned downtown house. Reséndiz also confessed to this murder in September 2001. He drew a map of the crime scene and said that he killed White because he was homosexual. Police concluded in April 2006 that Reséndiz did in fact kill White. He was bludgeoned to death with a brick.
4 and 5. March 23, 1997, Ocala, Florida, Jesse Howell, 19 years old. He was bludgeoned to death with an air hose coupling and left beside the tracks. His fiancee Wendy Von Huben, 16 years old, was raped, strangled, suffocated with his hands and duct tape and buried in a shallow grave in Sumter County, Florida.
6. In July 1997, an unidentified transient was beaten to death with a piece of plywood in a rail yard located in the City of Colton, California. Colton Police detective Jack Morenberg worked non-stop to prove Reséndiz committed the crime but due to a lack of resources and skill he was unable to do so. Reséndiz is still considered the prime suspect in this case.
7. August 29, 1997, Lexington, Kentucky, Christopher Maier, 21 years old. He was a University of Kentucky student walking along nearby railroad tracks with his girlfriend, Holly, when the two were attacked by Reséndiz, who bludgeoned Maier to death with a 52 pound rock. Reséndiz raped and severely beat Maier’s girlfriend, who nearly died as a result. Holly Dunn Pendleton, the only known survivor, went to appear on the Biography channel television program “I Survived,” and currently helps other victims of rape, sexual assault, and crime. She also founded “Holly’s House” in her native Evansville, Indiana to benefit those victims of rape, sexual assault, and crime as well as working closely with RAINN. She was featured in the June 19, 2009 issue of People magazine.
8. October 4, 1998, Hughes Springs, Texas, Leafie Mason, 81 years old. She was hammered to death with an antique flat iron by Reséndiz, who entered through a window. Fifty yards outside her door was the Kansas City-Southern Rail line.
9. December 17, 1998, West University Place, Texas, Claudia Benton, 39 years old. Benton, a pediatric neurologist at the Baylor College of Medicine, was raped, stabbed, and bludgeoned repeatedly after he entered her home, which is near the Union Pacific railroad tracks. Police found her Jeep Cherokee in San Antonio and found Reséndiz’s fingerprints on the steering column. After the murder, Reséndiz had a warrant for his arrest for burglary, but not yet for murder. She was bludgeoned to death with a statue.
10 and 11. May 2, 1999, Weimar, Texas, Norman J. Sirnic, 46 years old, and Karen Sirnic, 47 years old. The Sirnics were bludgeoned to death by a sledgehammer in a parsonage of the United Church of Christ, where Norman Sirnic was a pastor. The building was located adjacent to the Union Pacific railroad. The Sirnics’ red Mazda was also found in San Antonio three weeks later, and fingerprints link their case with the Claudia Benton case.
12. June 4, 1999, Houston, Texas, Noemi Dominguez, 26 years old. Dominguez, a schoolteacher at Houston Independent School District’s Benjamin Franklin Elementary School, was bludgeoned to death with a pickax in her apartment near the rail tracks. Seven days later, her white Honda Civic was discovered by state troopers on the International Bridge in Del Rio, Texas.
13. June 4, 1999, Fayette County, Texas, Josephine Konvicka, 73 years old. Konvicka was killed by the blow of the same pickaxe used to kill Noemi Dominguez on the head while she lay sleeping. Her farmhouse is not far from Weimar. Reséndiz attempted to steal the car but was unable to take it away since he could not find the car keys.
14 and 15. June 15, 1999, Gorham, Illinois, George Morber Senior, 80 years old, and Carolyn Frederick, 52 years old. Reséndiz shot George Morber in the head with a shotgun and then clubbed Carolyn Frederick to death with a tire iron. Their house was located only 100 yards (90 m) away from a railroad line. Later, an onlooker sees a man matching Reséndiz’s description driving Carolyn Frederick’s red pickup truck in Cairo, Illinois, which is located 60 miles south of Gorham.
16. Reséndiz is suspected in the death of Fannie Whitney Byers, 81, who was found Dec. 10, 1998, bludgeoned to death in her Carl, Georgia home located near CSX Transportation railroad tracks with a tire rim. A Lexington couple was charged in this Barrow County murder, but Reséndiz admitted to an FBI agent that he killed Byers, according to authorities.
He confessed to seven other killings as well, which he said took place in Mexico.
Arrest and trial
The police tracked down Reséndiz’s sister, Manuela. She feared that her brother might kill someone else or be killed by the FBI, so she agreed to help the police. A Texas Ranger, Drew Carter, accompanied by Manuela and a spiritual guide met up with Reséndiz on a bridge connecting El Paso, Texas, with Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua. (Manuela was originally reluctant to cooperate, but Carter convinced her otherwise.) Reséndiz surrendered to Carter.
During a court appearance, Reséndiz accused Carter of lying under oath because his (Reséndiz’s) family was under the impression that he would be spared the death penalty; however, Reséndiz’s ultimate fate would be decided by the jury, not Carter.
In 1999, former Texas Attorney General Jim Mattox — wary of the controversy miring the many confessions and recantations by Henry Lee Lucas — remarked of Reséndiz that “I hope they don’t start pinning on him every crime that happens near a railroad track.”
Reséndiz would be tried and sentenced to death for Benton’s murder.
He received the Texas Department of Criminal Justice ID#999356.
On June 21, 2006, a Houston judge ruled that Reséndiz was mentally competent to be executed. Upon hearing the judge’s ruling, Reséndiz said, “I don’t believe in death. I know the body is going to go to waste. But me, as a person, I’m eternal. I’m going to be alive forever.” He also described himself as half-man and half-angel and told psychiatrists he couldn’t be executed because he didn’t believe he could die.
Statements like the above have led specialists to conclude that Reséndiz was not competent to be executed. In the words of a bilingual psychiatrist who evaluated Reséndiz on two occasions in 2006, “delusions had completely taken over [Reséndiz’s] thought processes.”
Despite an appeal pending with the 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Reséndiz had the death warrant signed for the murder of Claudia Benton. He was housed in the Polunsky Unit in West Livingston, Texas.
He was executed in the Huntsville Unit in Huntsville, Texas, on June 27, 2006, by lethal injection. In his final statement, Reséndiz said “I want to ask if it is in your heart to forgive me. You don’t have to. I know I allowed the Devil to rule my life. I just ask you to forgive me and ask the Lord to forgive me for allowing the devil to deceive me. I thank God for having patience in me. I don’t deserve to cause you pain. You do not deserve this. I deserve what I am getting.” Reséndiz was pronounced dead at 8:05 p.m. CDT (01:05 UTC on June 28, 2006).
Claudia Benton’s husband George was present at the execution and said Reséndiz was “evil contained in human form, a creature without a soul, no conscience, no sense of remorse, no regard for the sanctity of human life.”
The Reséndiz case was featured in three criminal documentaries: “Crime Stories” on Discovery Channel; “Infamous Murders: Death in the Country” on The History Channel; and “The FBI Files: Tracks of a Killer” on the Biography Channel (2003). Reséndiz also featured on the Dec. 11, ’10 episode of “48 Hours Mystery” (CBS) when Holly Dunn shared the story of her attack.
In the episode of Criminal Minds “Catching Out”, features a serial killer named Armando Salinas who appears to have been based on Reséndiz (Like Reséndiz, he was a Hispanic drifter who travelled along railroads and killed the majority of his victims by bludgeoning them).
October 6th, 2011
Robert William Fisher
FBI Most Wanted #475
Identification Order 5366
On 10 Most Wanted List: On 10 Most Wanted List: 06-29-2002 to still on list
Robert William Fisher is wanted for killing his wife and two young children and then blowing up the house in which they all lived in Scottsdale, Arizona.
Robert William “Bobby” Fisher, Sr. (born April 13, 1961) is an American fugitive wanted for murder of his wife and their two children in Scottsdale, Arizona on April 10, 2001. He was named by the FBI as the 475th fugitive to be placed on the list of FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives on June 29, 2002.
Fisher was born in Brooklyn, New York in 1961 to William Fisher, a banker, and Jan Howell. Fisher has two sisters and he attended Saguaro High School in Tucson. Fisher’s parents divorced in 1976, when he was 15. According to friends and relatives the divorce was extremely difficult, leaving long-lasting effects on Robert, who still talked about the split with co-workers at Mayo Clinic Hospital. Fisher confided to one associate that his life could have been different if his mother had not left the family.
Robert Fisher, a Navy veteran, married Mary Cooper in 1987. Fisher has worked as a surgical catheter technician, respiratory therapist and firefighter, and is an avid outdoorsman, hunter, and fisherman. Fisher was described as a cruel and distant control freak of a father who was awkward with his children, but tried to hold on to an image as a devoted family man. His mother-in-law, Ginny Cooper, told investigators that “Fisher didn’t socialize often with family because of a fear of getting too close to people and losing them.”
Fisher’s mother told investigators that she had been a “yes-sir” wife who didn’t stand up to her husband. She added that she saw similar dynamics early in her son’s marriage to Mary, and had talked to her daughter-in-law about her concerns. One close friend of Robert Fisher stated that his family resembled Fisher’s childhood family.
Fisher had been an active member of the Scottsdale Baptist Church’s men’s ministry, but unlike Mary, he had begun to withdraw from his church’s activities a few months prior to the murders.
In 1998, the Fishers went to their church’s senior pastor for marital counseling. Fisher told co-workers about a one-night affair with a prostitute he met in a massage parlor. He fretted that his wife would find out that it was the cause of a urinary tract infection that left him ill for several days in December 2000.
Fisher told a hunting mate that he was renewing his commitment to his faith and his marriage because he “could not live without his family”, possibly hinting that he would consider suicide over divorce. According to psychologists, an intense fear of loss is not unusual for an individual traumatized by divorce while an adolescent.
In the weeks before her death, Mary Fisher told several friends she was going to divorce her husband. According to a neighbor of the Fisher family, the couple had a loud argument on April 9, at 10:30, approximately ten hours before the house blew up in an explosion.
Triple murder and arson
On the morning of April 10, 2001, Mary Fisher was shot in the back of the head and her children’s throats were slashed from ear to ear in the hours before their home exploded.
Firefighters were immediately alerted due to a natural gas explosion and fire in a Scottsdale house. The explosion ripped through the ranch-style house in the 2000 block of North 74th Place at 8:42 a.m. The blast appeared to be centered in the living room, and the subsequent fire burned the house into rubble. The initial explosion was strong enough to collapse the front brick wall and rattle the frames of neighboring houses for a half-mile (800 m) in all directions.
Rural/Metro Fire Department firefighters were on the scene within minutes and kept the 20-foot (6 m)-high blaze from spreading to neighboring houses. A series of smaller secondary explosions, believed to be either rifle ammunition or paint cans going up, forced firefighters to keep their distance. One firefighter suffered minor injuries to his leg when he lost his balance and fell near the burning house.
An alleged attempt to conceal evidence of the homicide had been tried by pulling out the gas line from the back of the home’s furnace. The accumulating gas was later ignited by an ignition source, possibly the pilot light on the water heater. Burned bodies of a woman and two children were found lying in bed in the remains of the house. The victims were identified as Mary Fisher (aged 38), and her two children, Brittney Fisher (aged 12) and Robert “Bobby” William Fisher, Jr. (aged 10). Investigators have considered that Robert Fisher murdered his family because he felt threatened with his wife’s intent to divorce.
On April 14, Robert William Fisher, who disappeared at the time of murders, was named as an official (and to date only) suspect of the case on April 14, 2001 when Arizona Department of Public Safety officers were instructed in a statewide bulletin to arrest him.
On April 20, the last physical evidence of Fisher’s whereabouts surfaced, when police found his Toyota 4Runner and dog “Blue” in Tonto National Forest, a hundred miles north of Scottsdale.
On July 19, 2001, an Arizona Superior Court state arrest warrant was issued at Phoenix, charging Fisher with three counts of first-degree murder and one count of arson. Subsequently, Fisher was declared a fugitive, and a federal arrest warrant was issued by the United States District Court for the District of Arizona, charging him with unlawful flight to avoid prosecution.
On June 29, 2002, he was named by the FBI as the 475th fugitive to be placed on the Ten Most Wanted list. He is also on the America’s Most Wanted “Dirty Dozen” list of that show’s most notorious fugitives. The FBI offers a reward of up to $100,000 for information leading to his capture.
As of April 2003, FBI had received “hundreds and hundreds of leads”. However, all sightings of Fisher have been inconclusive or false.
In February 2004, an individual with a striking physical resemblance to Robert Fisher was arrested in Vancouver, British Columbia by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Fingerprints eventually confirmed that the man was not Fisher. He was held by Canadian police for approximately one week until a family member correctly identified him.
Fisher is considered armed and extremely dangerous and has ties to Florida and New Mexico. He has been speculated to have committed suicide or started a new life under an assumed identity. Fisher has been described as a loner and is thought to live alone in an isolated area.
September 28th, 2011
Eric Robert Rudolph
FBI Most Wanted #454
Identification Order 5290
On 10 Most Wanted List: 05-05-1998 to 05-31-2003
Rudolph was charged in connection with the 1998 bombing of an abortion clinic in Birmingham, Alabama, in which a police officer was killed and a nurse critically wounded.
Eric Robert Rudolph (born September 19, 1966), also known as the Olympic Park Bomber, is a criminal responsible for a series of bombings across the southern United States between 1996 and 1998, which killed two people and injured at least 150 others in the name of an anti-abortion and anti-gay agenda. The Federal Bureau of Investigation considers him a terrorist.
As a teenager Rudolph was taken by his mother to a Church of Israel compound in 1984; it is connected to the Christian Identity movement. Rudolph has denied that his crimes were religiously or racially motivated, Rudolph has also called himself a Roman Catholic in “the war to end this holocaust” (in reference to abortion).
He spent years on the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives until he was caught in 2003. In 2005, as part of a plea bargain, Rudolph pled guilty to numerous federal and state homicide charges and accepted four consecutive life sentences in exchange for avoiding a trial and a potential death sentence.
Rudolph was born in Merritt Island, Florida. After his father, Robert, died in 1981, he moved with his mother and siblings to Nantahala, Macon County, in western North Carolina. He attended ninth grade at the Nantahala School but dropped out after that year and worked as a carpenter with his older brother Daniel. When Rudolph was 18, he spent time with his mother at a Christian Identity compound in Missouri.
After Rudolph received his GED, he attended Western Carolina University in Cullowhee for two semesters in 1985 and 1986. In August 1987, Rudolph enlisted in the U.S. Army, undergoing basic training at Fort Benning in Georgia. He was discharged in January 1989 while serving with the 101st Airborne Division at Fort Campbell in Kentucky, due to marijuana use. In 1988, the year before his discharge, Rudolph had attended the Air Assault School at Fort Campbell. He attained the rank of Specialist/E-4.
Rudolph is most well known as the perpetrator of Centennial Olympic Park bombing in Atlanta which occurred on July 27, 1996, during the 1996 Summer Olympics. The blast killed spectator Alice Hawthorne and wounded 111 others. Melih Uzunyol, a Turkish cameraman who ran to the scene following the blast, died of a heart attack. Rudolph’s motive for the bombings, according to his April 13, 2005 statement, was political:
In the summer of 1996, the world converged upon Atlanta for the Olympic Games. Under the protection and auspices of the regime in Washington millions of people came to celebrate the ideals of global socialism. Multinational corporations spent billions of dollars, and Washington organized an army of security to protect these best of all games. Even though the conception and the purpose of the so-called Olympic movement is the promote the values of global socialism as perfectly expressed in the song “Imagine” by John Lennon, which was the theme of the 1996 Games — even though the purpose of the Olympics is to promote these despicable ideals, the purpose of the attack on July 27th was to confound, anger and embarrass the Washington government in the eyes of the world for its abominable sanctioning of abortion on demand. The plan was to force the cancellation of the Games, or at least create a state of insecurity to empty the streets around the venues and thereby eat into the vast amounts of money invested.
Rudolph’s statement authoritatively cleared Richard Jewell, a Centennial Olympic Park security guard, of any involvement in the bombing. Jewell fell under suspicion of participating in the bombing a few days after the incident, after having been initially hailed as a hero for being the first one to spot Rudolph’s explosive device and helping to clear the area. When he came under FBI suspicion for involvement in the crime, Jewell became the prime suspect, and an international news story.
Rudolph has also confessed to the bombings of an abortion clinic in the Atlanta suburb of Sandy Springs on January 16, 1997; the Otherside Lounge of Atlanta lesbian bar in Atlanta on February 21, 1997, injuring five; and an abortion clinic in Birmingham, Alabama on January 29, 1998, killing Birmingham Police Officer and part-time clinic security guard Robert Sanderson, and critically injuring nurse Emily Lyons. Rudolph’s bombs were made of dynamite surrounded by nails which acted as shrapnel.
Rudolph was first identified as a suspect in the Alabama bombing by the Department of Justice on February 14, 1998. He was named as a suspect in the three Atlanta incidents on October 14, 1998.
On May 5, 1998, he became the 454th fugitive listed by the FBI on the Ten Most Wanted list. The FBI considered him to be armed and extremely dangerous, and offered a $1 million reward for information leading directly to his arrest. He spent more than five years in the Appalachian wilderness as a fugitive, during which federal and amateur search teams scoured the area without success.
It is thought that Rudolph had the assistance of sympathizers while evading capture. Some in the area were vocal in support of him. Two country music songs were written about him and a locally top-selling T-shirt read: “Run Rudolph Run.” The Anti-Defamation League noted that “extremist chatter on the Internet has praised Rudolph as ‘a hero’ and some followers of hate groups are calling for further acts of violence to be modeled after the bombings he is accused of committing.”
Rudolph’s family supported him and believed he was innocent of all charges, but found themselves under intense questioning and surveillance. On March 7, 1998, Rudolph’s older brother, Daniel, videotaped himself cutting off one of his own hands with a radial arm saw in order to, in his words, “send a message to the FBI and the media.” The hand was successfully reattached. According to Rudolph’s own writings, he survived during his years as a fugitive by camping in the woods, gathering acorns and salamanders, pilfering vegetable gardens, stealing grain from a grain silo, and raiding dumpsters in a nearby town.
Arrest and guilty plea
Rudolph was arrested in Murphy, North Carolina, on May 31, 2003, by police officer Jeffrey Scott Postell of the Murphy Police Department behind a Save-A-Lot store at about 4 a.m.; Postell, on routine patrol, had originally suspected a burglary in progress.
Rudolph was unarmed and did not resist arrest. When arrested, he was clean-shaven, with a trimmed mustache, and wearing new sneakers. Federal authorities charged him on October 14, 2003. Rudolph was defended by attorney Richard S. Jaffe.
On April 8, 2005, the Department of Justice announced that Rudolph had agreed to a plea bargain under which he would plead guilty to all charges he was accused of in exchange for avoiding the death penalty. The deal was confirmed after the FBI found 250 pounds (113 kg) of dynamite he hid in the forests of North Carolina. His revealing the hiding places of the dynamite was a condition of his plea agreement. He made his pleas in person in Birmingham and Atlanta courts on April 13.
He also released a statement in which he explained his actions and rationalized them as serving the cause of anti-abortion and anti-gay activism. In his statement, he claimed that he had “deprived the government of its goal of sentencing me to death,” and that “the fact that I have entered an agreement with the government is purely a tactical choice on my part and in no way legitimates the moral authority of the government to judge this matter or impute my guilt.”
The terms of the plea agreement were that Rudolph would be sentenced to four consecutive life terms. He was officially sentenced July 18, 2005, to two consecutive life terms without parole for the 1998 murder of a police officer. He was sentenced for his various bombings in Atlanta on August 22, 2005, receiving three consecutive life terms. That same day, Rudolph was sent to the ADX Florence Supermax federal prison. Rudolph’s inmate number is 18282-058. Like other Supermax inmates, he spends 22½ hours per day alone in his 80 ft² (7.4 m²) concrete cell.
Rudolph has made it clear in his written statement and elsewhere that the purpose of the bombings was to fight against abortion and the “homosexual agenda”. He considered abortion to be murder, the product of a “rotten feast of materialism and self-indulgence”; accordingly, he believed that its perpetrators deserved death, and that the United States government had lost its legitimacy by sanctioning it. He also considered it essential to resist by force “the concerted effort to legitimize the practice of homosexuality” in order to protect “the integrity of American society” and “the very existence of our culture”, whose foundation is the “family hearth”.
After Rudolph’s arrest for the bombings, The Washington Post reported that the FBI considered Rudolph to have “had a long association with the radical Christian Identity movement, which asserts that Northern European whites are the direct descendants of the lost tribes of Israel, God’s chosen people.” Christian Identity is a white nationalist sect that holds that those who are not white Christians will be condemned to Hell. In the same article, the Post reported that some FBI investigators believed Rudolph may have written letters that claimed responsibility for the nightclub and abortion clinic bombings on behalf of the Army of God, a group that sanctions the use of force to combat abortions and is associated with Christian Identity.
In a statement released after he entered a guilty plea, Rudolph denied being a supporter of the Christian Identity movement, claiming that his involvement amounted to a brief association with the daughter of a Christian Identity adherent, later identified as Pastor Daniel Gayman. When asked about his religion he said, “I was born a Catholic, and with forgiveness I hope to die one.” In other written statements, Rudolph has cited biblical passages and offered religious motives for his militant opposition to abortion.
Some books and media outlets have portrayed Rudolph as a “Christian Identity extremist”; Harper’s Magazine referred to him as a “Christian terrorist.” The NPR radio program On Point referred to him as a “Christian Identity extremist.” The Voice of America reported that Rudolph could be seen as part of an “attempt to try to use a Christian faith to try to forge a kind of racial and social purity.” Writing in 2004, authors Michael Shermer and Dennis McFarland saw Rudolph’s story as an example of “religious extremism in America,” warning that the phenomenon he represented was “particularly potent when gathered together under the umbrella of militia groups,” whom they believe to have protected Rudolph while he was a fugitive.
In a letter to his parents from prison, Rudolph has written, “Many good people continue to send me money and books. Most of them have, of course, an agenda; mostly born-again Christians looking to save my soul. I suppose the assumption is made that because I’m in here I must be a ‘sinner’ in need of salvation, and they would be glad to sell me a ticket to heaven, hawking this salvation like peanuts at a ballgame. I do appreciate their charity, but I could really do without the condescension. They have been so nice I would hate to break it to them that I really prefer Nietzsche to the Bible.”
Anti-crime activist and TV host John Walsh stated that he believed Rudolph to be a “psychopath”, while Rudolph’s former sister in law Debra Rudolph asserted that his motivation was based on white supremacist and anti-abortion beliefs.
Writings from prison
Federal Bureau of Prisons regulations give wardens the right to restrict or reject correspondence by an inmate for “the protection of the public, or if it might facilitate criminal activity,” including material “which may lead to the use of physical violence.” Nevertheless, essays written by Rudolph, who is incarcerated in the most secure part of ADX Florence in Colorado, and which condone violence and militant action, are being published on the Internet by an Army of God anti-abortion activist. While victims maintain that Rudolph’s messages are harassment and could incite violence, according to Alice Martin, United States Attorney for the Northern District of Alabama when Rudolph was prosecuted for the Alabama bombing, the prison can do little to restrict their publication. “An inmate does not lose his freedom of speech,” she said. However, the Department of Justice in 2006 criticized the same prison for not properly screening the mail of three inmates convicted in the 1993 World Trade Center bombing after determining the men sent letters from the prison to suspected terrorists overseas.
September 1st, 2011
Donald Richard Bussmeyer
FBI Most Wanted #251
Wanted Flyer 413
On 10 Most Wanted List: 06-28-1967 to 08-24-1967
Donald Richard Bussmeyer was an American criminal and a member of the FBI’s Ten Most Wanted list in 1967.
A career criminal and drug addict with convictions for auto theft, attempted burglary, assault with intent to kill and armed robbery when, on March 2, 1967, he and two accomplices James Alaway and Russell Jones robbed $75,000 from a Los Angeles bank and becoming a federal fugitive in the process.
Within a week Alaway was arrested on March 9, and Jones the following day, and sentenced to 17 and 10 years imprisonment respectively for their role in the robbery. Bussmeyer however, was able to evade authorities and, indicted on federal bank robbery charges in April, he was officially added as the 251st fugitive to the FBI’s “Ten Most Wanted” list on June 28, 1967.
Due to large media coverage and publicity, Bussmeyer was eventually traced to a safehouse in Upland, California within two months and, on August 24, captured Bussmeyer along with his wife Hallie and associate Gene Harrington. Although two pistols were found in the house, Bussmeyer offered no resistance and, noting a tattoo “Don Bussmeyer Loves Joyce” on his chest, confirmed his identity.
In 2005 a local man from Arizona named Zeeshan Uddin claimed he was subjected to many assaults by Bussmeyer, Uddin also claimed that Bussmeyer threanted Uddins then wife Laura Williams in 1967. Although Uddins claims are reportedly false many speculate he may of crossed paths with Bussmeyer a few times.
Hallie Bussmeyer, also a drug addict, was held in federal custody along with Harrington for harboring a federal fugitive While Bussmeyer, held under a $200,000 bond, would eventually be tried and convicted of the Los Angeles bank robbery.
August 30th, 2011
Bobby Randell Wilcoxson
FBI Most Wanted #167
Wanted Flyer 300
On 10 Most Wanted List: 02-23-1962 to 11-10-1962
Due to an FBI investigation, Wilcoxson was arrested in Baltimore, Maryland.
Bobby Randell Wilcoxson was born July 10, 1929, in Duke, Oklahoma. He was well respected as an efficient crew foreman in the lettuce fields of the Salinas Valley in California, because he spoke Spanish and intimidated laborers. He worked in the produce business in Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas. Wilcoxson also worked as a house painter, service station attendant and a used-car salesman before turning into a professional criminal.
An FBI agent pursuing Wilcoxson once called him “the most wanted man since Dillinger.” “One Eye” Bobby Wilcoxson and his crime partner Albert Frederick Nussbaum- Albert Frederick Nussbaum of Buffalo, New York, were prolific bandits between 1960 and 1962, knocking over at least seven banks in an eighteen month run. They stole at least $250,000. Peter Columbus Curry of Quitman, Georgia, joined Wilcoxson and Nussbaum on December 15, 1961 – the trio holding up a branch of the Lafayette National Bank in Brooklyn, New York. Wilcoxson entered the bank and pumped four rounds from a Thompson Submachine gun into the chest of bank guard Henry Kraus.
In February, 1962, Curry was arrested by the FBI. The FBI named Wilcoxson to the “Most Wanted List” on February 23, 1962, and named Nussbaum on April 3, 1962. In pursuit of the bandits, the FBI circulated over 1 million “wanted” posters and interviewed over 9,000 in New York state alone. The G-Men declared the robbers as dangerous, warning the pair were armed with hand-grenades and 25 submachine guns. “They will not hesitate to open fire,” the posters warned. When rumors placed the robbers in Canada and The United Kingdom, the Canadian Royal Mounted Police and the Bobbies of Scotland Yard joined the manhunt. Over 600 FBI agents searched worldwide for Nussbaum, Wilcoxson and Wilcoxson’s 19 year old “paramour,” Jacqueline Ruth Rose of Paoli, Indiana and Delray Beach, Florida. Nussbaum was captured by the FBI after a highspeed car chase through Buffalo on November 4, 1962. Mid morning on November 10, 1962, Wilcoxson and Rose came out of their rented home in Baltimore, Maryland, and were surrounded by a swarm of 30 FBI agents.
To avoid a death sentence, Wilcoxson pled guilty to eight bank robberies and the murder of Kraus. He was sentenced to life in prison in April, 1964 with eligibility for parole in 1979. Wilcoxson went to the United States Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia on March 3, 1964. On July 11, 1980, he was transferred to the United States Penitentiary in Leavenworth, Kansas.
Parole and More Criminal Activity
Wilcoxson was paroled to Chattanooga, Tennessee in early 1982. His freedom was short lived. On October 23, 1982, Robert Mosher, a chemical engineer of the Dupont Corporation was murdered. A piece of plastic tarp and 10 inches of a mop handle were shoved down his throat. Wilcoxson was indicted for the homicide on December 19, 1985. He was convicted on November 1, 1986, in the Hamilton County Tennessee Criminal Court of first degree murder for killing Robert Mosher. Mosher’s wife, Evelyn, allegedly hired Wilcoxson to murder her husband so she could collect life insurance benefits of $209,000. Evelyn Mosher never paid Wilcoxson. She was convicted for contracting the murder of her husband and received a life sentence. Wilcoxson was sentenced to death by electrocution on February 13, 1987. In 1999, his death sentence was reversed on appeal for defective legal representation.
While awaiting an appeal of his conviction, Bobby Randell Wilcoxson died of natural causes on December 9, 2006, at the age of 77 while in the custody of the Tennessee Department of Correction.
August 25th, 2011
Mir Aimal Kansi
FBI Most Wanted #435
Wanted Flyer 554
On 10 Most Wanted List: 02-09-1993 to 06-17-1997
Kansi was handed over to U.S. officials by Afghan individuals. Kansi was the suspected gunman in the 1993 attack outside Central Intelligence Agency headquarters which killed two CIA employees and wounded three others.
A firearm attack took place on January 25, 1993 near the entrance of Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) headquarters in Langley, Virginia where two CIA employees were killed and three others wounded. The perpetrator, Mir Aimal Kansi, shot CIA employees in their cars as they were waiting at a stoplight.
Kansi fled the country and was placed on the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list, sparking a four year international manhunt. He was captured by FBI agents in Pakistan in 1997 and rendered back to the United States to stand trial. He admitted that he shot the victims of the attack, and was subsequently found guilty of capital and first-degree murder, and was executed by lethal injection in 2002.
Kansi was a Pakistani national, born in Quetta, Balochistan on February 10, 1964, and belonging to the Pashtun tribe of Kansi. He went to the US in 1991, taking a substantial sum of cash he had inherited on the death of his father in 1989. He travelled on forged papers he had purchased in Karachi, altering his name to “Kansi”, and later bought a fake green card in Miami. He stayed with a Kashmiri friend, Zahed Mir, in his Reston, Virginia apartment, and invested in a courier firm for which he also worked as a driver. This work would be decisive in his choice of target: “I used to pass this area almost every day and knew these two left-turning lanes [were] mostly people who work for CIA.”
According to Kansi, his first thoughts of an attack came after the purchase of an AK-47 from a Chantilly gun store. The plan soon became “more important than any other thing to [him].”
At around 8 a.m on January 25, 1993, Kansi stopped a borrowed brown Datsun station wagon behind a number of vehicles waiting at a red traffic light on the eastbound side of Route 123, Fairfax County. The vehicles were waiting to make a left turn into the main entrance of CIA headquarters. Kansi emerged from his vehicle with an AK-47 type semi-automatic rifle and proceeded to move among the lines of vehicles, firing a total of 10 rounds into them, killing Lansing H. Bennett, 66, and Frank Darling, 28. Three others were left with gunshot wounds. Darling was shot first and later received additional gunshot wounds to the head after Kansi shot the other victims.
During his later confession, Kansi said that he’d only stopped firing because “there wasn’t anybody else left to shoot”, and that he only shot male passengers because “it would be against [his] religion to shoot females”.
He was also surprised at the lack of an armed response: “I thought I will be arrested, or maybe killed in a shootout with CIA guards or police.”
Kansi climbed back into his vehicle and drove to a nearby park. After 90 minutes of waiting, it became clear that he was not being actively sought and so he drove back to his Reston apartment. He hid the rifle in a green plastic bag under a sofa, went to a McDonald’s for something to eat, and booked himself into a Days Inn for the night. The CNN news reports he watched made it clear that police had misidentified his vehicle and did not have his license plate number. The next morning, he took a flight to Quetta, Pakistan. According to Kansi, he killed American CIA people because, “I was real angry with the policy of the U.S. government in the Middle East, particularly toward the Palestinian people,” Kansi said in a prison interview with CNN affiliate WTTG.
An investigative task force (named “Langmur” for “Langley murders”) was drawn together from both the FBI and local Fairfax County police. They began sifting through recent AK-47 purchases in Maryland and Virginia — there had been at least 1,600 over the previous year alone. Mir Aimal Kansi’s name was on the sales slip from a gun store in Chantilly, where he had exchanged another gun for the AK-47 just three days before the shootings.
This information provided the first solid lead in the investigation when Kansi’s roommate, Zahed Mir, reported him missing two days after the shootings. He also told police how Kansi would get angry watching CNN reports of attacks on Muslims — in particular, Kansi would later cite the US attacks on Iraq, Israeli killings of Palestinians, and CIA involvement in Muslim countries. Although Mir didn’t think much of it at the time, Kansi had said he wanted to do “something big”, with possible targets of the White House, the Israeli Embassy and the CIA.
A police search of Kansi’s apartment turned up the hidden AK-47 under the couch. Ballistics tests confirmed it was the weapon used in the shootings, and Kansi became the chief suspect of the investigation.
Kansi was listed as one of the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives. The search was focused on Pakistan, and agents spent the next four years following hundreds of leads, taking them as far afield as Thailand, but to no avail. Kansi would later reveal he had spent this time being sheltered by fellow Pashtun tribesmen, in the border regions of Afghanistan, making only brief visits to Pakistan.
Capture and rendition
In May 1997, an informant walked into the US consulate in Karachi and claimed he could help lead them to Kansi. As proof, he showed a copy of a driver license application made by Kansi under a false name but bearing his photograph. Apparently, the Pashtun tribals who had been sheltering Kansi were now prepared to accept the multi-million dollar reward offer for his capture. Other sources claim they were pressured by the Pakistani government.
Kansi was in the Afghan border regions, so the informant was told to lure Kansi into Pakistan where he could be more easily apprehended. Kansi was tempted with a lucrative business offer — smuggling Russian electronic goods into Pakistan — which brought him to Dera Ghazi Khan, in the Punjab province of Pakistan, where he checked into a room at Shalimar Hotel.
At 4 a.m. on the morning of June 15, 1997, an armed team of FBI agents, working with the Pakistani ISI, raided Kansi’s hotel room. His fingerprints were taken on the scene, confirming his identity.
There is some dispute over where Kansi was taken next — US authorities claim it was a holding facility run by Pakistani authorities, while Pakistani sources claim it was the US embassy in Islamabad — before being flown to the US on June 17 in a C-141 transport.
During the flight, Kansi made a full oral and written confession to the FBI.
Kansi’s extrajudicial rendition was controversial in Pakistan. No formal request for his extradition was made, and no extradition proceedings were initiated. US authorities would later assert the rendition was legal under an extradition treaty signed with the UK, before Partition when India was under colonial rule. Kansi argued against his rendition in court but his assertions were found to have no basis in law. The Court wrote:
…the treaty between the United States and Pakistan contains no provision that bars forcible abductions, nor does it otherwise ‘purport to specify the only way in which one country may gain custody of a national of the other country for the purposes of prosecution.’ Id. at 664 (emphasis added). Nor does the treaty provide that, once a request for extradition is made, the procedures outlined in the treaty become the sole means of transferring custody of a suspected criminal from one country to the other. Finally, because Kansi was not returned to the United States via extradition proceedings initiated under the Extradition Treaty between the United States and Pakistan, Kansi’s reliance upon United States v. Rauscher does not avail him.
On February 16, 1993, Kansi, then a fugitive, had been charged in absentia. The charges involved capital murder of Darling, murder of Bennett, and three counts of malicious wounding for the other victims, along with related firearms charges.
During the trial the defense introduced testimony from Dr. Richard Restak a neurologist and also a neuropsychiatrist, that Kansi was missing tissue from his frontal lobes, a congenital defect that made it hard for him to judge the consequence of his actions. This testimony was re-iterated by another psychiatrist for the defense based upon independent examination.
Kansi was tried by a Virginia state court jury over a period of ten days in November 1997, on a plea of not guilty to all charges. The jury found him guilty, and fixed punishment for the capital murder charge at death. On February 4, 1998, Kansi was sentenced to death for the capital murder of Darling, who was shot at the beginning of the attack and again after the other victims had been shot. Among his other punishments were a life sentence for the first-degree murder of Bennett, multiple 20-year sentences for the malicious woundings, and fines totalling $600,000.
Days before Kansi’s conviction in November 1997, four US oil executives and their Pakistani taxi driver were shot dead in Karachi, in what has been described as a deliberate response to Kansi’s guilty verdict.
Kansi was executed by lethal injection on November 14, 2002, at Greensville Correctional Center in Jarratt, Virginia. Kansi’s body was repatriated to Pakistan, his funeral was attended by the entire civil hierarchy of Baluchistan, the local Pakistan Army Corps Commander and the Pakistani Ambassador to the United States, Ashraf Jahangir Qazi.
The two fatalities of Kansi’s attack were Lansing H. Bennett M.D., 66, and Frank Darling, 28, both CIA employees. Bennett, with experience as a physician, was working as an intelligence analyst assessing the health of foreign leaders. Darling worked in covert operations.
The three people wounded in the attack were Calvin Morgan, 61, an engineer; Nicholas Starr, 60, a CIA analyst; and Stephen E. Williams, 48, an AT&T employee.
Bennett and Darling were memorialized as the 69th and 70th entries on the CIA’s “memorial wall” of stars in the foyer of the Langley headquarters building, although President Clinton, in an address to the CIA, attributed the two individuals as the 55th and 56th stars.
Route 123 Memorial
The Route 123 Memorial, consisting of a granite wall and two benches facing each other near the site of the shooting, is dedicated to Bennett and Darling. This memorial is illuminated at night. The memorial is not at the exact location of the shooting due to traffic reasons.
An inscription reads:
In Remembrance of Ultimate Dedication to Mission Shown by Officers of the Central Intelligence Agency Whose Lives Have Been Taken or Forever Changed by Events at Home and Abroad.
Dedicato Par Aevum
(Dedicated to Service)
The memorial was dedicated May 24, 2002.
Lansing Bennett Forest
A forest was renamed in Bennett’s honor — the Lansing Bennett Forest in Duxbury, Massachusetts, where he was formerly chair of the Duxbury Conservation Commission.
Bennett is buried in the Dennis Village Cemetery, Route 6A, north of Bourne, Massachusetts.
Kansi is memorialized through a mosque built in his name as Shaheed Aimal Kansi masjid (Martyr Aimal Kansi mosque) in the port city of Ormara in Kansi’s home province of Balochistan in Pakistan.
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article “1993 shootings at CIA Headquarters”, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.
August 23rd, 2011
Katherine Ann Power
FBI Most Wanted #315
Identification Order 4402
On 10 Most Wanted List: 10-17-1970 to 06-15-1984
Power was removed from the list when it was felt she no longer fit the “Top Ten” criteria.
Katherine Ann Power (born January 25, 1949) is an American ex-convict and long-time fugitive, who, along with her fellow student and accomplice Susan Edith Saxe, was placed on the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Most Wanted Fugitives list in 1970. The two participated in robberies at a Massachusetts National Guard armory and a bank in Brighton, Massachusetts where Boston police officer Walter Schroeder was shot and killed. Power remained at large for 23 years.
Read the rest of this entry »
August 18th, 2011
Walter James Wilkinson
FBI Most Wanted #79
Wanted Flyer 156
On 10 Most Wanted List: 08-17-1954 to 01-12-1955
Wilkinson was arrested in Los Angeles, California by the FBI after a citizen recognized him from an Identification Order in a post office. He was working at a country club as a busboy. During the arrest, Wilkinson commented: “It didn‘t take too long. I know how you guys work.”
Read the rest of this entry »
August 16th, 2011
William Merle Martin
FBI Most Wanted #35
Identification Order 1755
On 10 Most Wanted List: 08-11-1952 to 08-30-1952
Martin was arrested in St. Louis, Missouri by local police due to a police investigation.
William Merle Martin was first arrested at age 20 in 1929 for public drunkenness. This was the start of a crime spree that lasted for 11 more years. His convictions included burglary, receiving stolen property, unlawfully carrying a weapon, and stealing chickens.
Read the rest of this entry »